Written by Adeel Abbas
Nominal conditions in the atmosphere at sea level are referred to as standard temperature and pressure, abbreviated as STP.
The value is important for physicists, chemists, engineers, pilots, and navigators. In other words, the standard temperature is zero degrees Celsius (0 0C), which equates to 32 degrees Fahrenheit or 273.15 degrees kelvin. This is the freezing point of pure water at sea level, in the air at standard pressure.
STP Definition in Chemistry
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry has a temperature of 273.15 K (0 0C, 32 0F) and an absolute pressure of 100,000 Pa, which is more stringent than the standard of STP.
Uses of STP in chemistry
The volumes of liquids and gases are highly dependent on temperature and pressure, which is why standard reference conditions are important. When state conditions are applied to calculations, STP is used. Standard state conditions may be recognized in calculations by the superscript circle. The S refers to the change in entropy.