Magnetic Susceptibility: Definition, Formula, Types, and Applications

Magnetic Susceptibility Definition Magnetic susceptibility refers to a material’s propensity to become magnetized when exposed to an external magnetic field. What is Magnetic Susceptibility? Magnetic susceptibility is a fundamental concept in chemistry and physics that allows us to understand how materials respond to the influence of magnetic fields. This article provides an in-depth exploration of … Read more

Calorimeter- Types, principle, working, uses

Written by Adeel Abbas Calorimeters is an important chemistry lab instrument devices that measure the amount of heat absorbed or released during a chemical reaction. In this article, we will explore the definition of calorimeters in chemistry, their importance, types, and applications. Definition of Calorimeter in Chemistry Calorimeters are instruments that are used to measure … Read more

Adsorption isotherms | Types of Adsorption isotherms By Freundlich and Langmuir

Written by Adeel Abbas An adsorption isotherm is a graphical representation of the relationship between the concentration of the adsorbate (the variable x) and the amount of adsorbate that is adsorbed onto the solid phase (the variable y). Adsorption isotherms help determine the quantity of adsorbate that is adsorbed by the solid phase. If you … Read more

Ionic bond-Definition, Properties, Conditions-Factors, and Examples

LEARNING OBJECTIVES In this article, the author has explained ionic bonding, conditions favorable for the formation of ionic bond, and factors affecting ionic bond formation. The author has also explained the properties of ionic compounds and examples of ionic compounds. Definition The bond formed by the complete transfer of electrons from one atom to another … Read more

Introduction to Chemical bonding-Definition-Types-Examples

LEARNING OBJECTIVES In this article, the author has briefly explained the chemical bonding its types, and examples. The force present between two atoms that hold them together and make them stable is known as a chemical bond. Molecules of chemical substances are joined together by some force. This force is due to the interaction between … Read more

What are buffers in chemistry? Types-examples and uses

Written by Adeel Abbas A buffer is a solution that can resist a change in pH. It is able to keep the solution’s pH stable by taking small amounts of acid and base. Specific and stable pH ranges are important for processes. Buffer solutions have a working pH range and capacity which dictate how much acid … Read more

What is stp standard temperature and pressure in chemistry?

Written by Adeel Abbas Nominal conditions in the atmosphere at sea level are referred to as standard temperature and pressure, abbreviated as STP. The value is important for physicists, chemists, engineers, pilots, and navigators. In other words, the standard temperature is zero degrees Celsius (0 0C), which equates to 32 degrees Fahrenheit or 273.15 degrees kelvin. … Read more

What is Sigma Bond? Solved examples

Written by Adeel Abbas This is a covalent bond in which the electron cloud overlap is directly between the nuclei of the atoms involved in the bonding. Characteristic of sigma bond A sigma bond will be formed using electrons in s orbitals, p orbitals or hybrid orbitals. A sigma bond will always be a single … Read more

What is Avogadro’s Law?

Avogadro’s Law According to the Avogadro’s law equal volumes of all the gases at same temperature and pressure contain equal number of molecules. This definition of Avogadro’s law can be explained from the Avogadro’s hypothesis. This hypothesis says that all the ideal gases at standard temperature and pressure occupy a volume of 22.414 dm3. Let … Read more