Introduction to Monosaccharides-Structural features and chemical reactions

LEARNING OBJECTIVES In this article, author has explained what are monosaccharides, structural properties of monosaccharides, stereochemistry of monosaccharides and chemical reactions of monosaccharides. Monosaccharides are poly-hydroxy-aldehydes or ketones. Monosaccharides are the smallest unit of carbohydrates. When monosaccharides are linked through a glycosidic bond, oligosaccharides or polysaccharides are formed. Glucose and fructose are common monosaccharides. Monosaccharides … Read more

Carbohydrates-Classification-structures-functions of carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are naturally occurring organic molecules. Carbohydrates are the basic source of energy in our bodies. They are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The basic formula of carbohydrates is Cx (H2O)y.   The word carbohydrate indicates the “hydrate of carbon”. Carbohydrates are further classified into many classes like monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. Carbohydrates are … Read more