Column Chromatography-Principle, Types, Applications

Written By Adeel Abbas Column chromatography is a widely used technique of chromatography in chemistry to separate and purify a mixture of chemical compounds. Mostly it is used in natural product isolation. I also used this technique during my research on Boerhavia Procumbens. The goal of this technique is to isolate each component in a … Read more

Gas chromatography-intro, principle, working, applications

image showing gas chromatography diagram

Written By Adeel Abbas Gas Chromatography (GC) is a powerful analytical technique used to separate and identify individual components in a mixture of gases or volatile liquids. The technique of chromatography is widely used in a variety of fields, including chemistry, environmental science, and forensic science. Gas chromatography is a method of separation in which … Read more

Chemistry of Toothpaste

image showing chemistry of toothpaste

Written by Shahzad As a chemist working in the toothpaste industry, I have a deep understanding of the science behind toothpaste and the important role it plays in maintaining oral health. Toothpaste is a complex and versatile product that combines various ingredients to clean teeth, freshen breath, and prevent cavities. In this article, I will … Read more

Triple point in chemistry | Triple point of water and CO2

Written by Adeel Abbas What is Triple Point in Chemistry? Triple point, in thermodynamics, is the temperature and pressure at which three phases (gas, liquid, and solid) of a substance coexist in thermodynamic equilibrium. In other words, at the triple point, the three phases of a substance can coexist without any change in temperature or … Read more

Chromatography-Principle, types, uses and History

Written by Adeel Abbas Chromatography is a technique used to separate a mixture of chemical compounds into its components.   Definition of chromatography Imagine you have a jar of mixed colored candies, red, blue and green. And you want to separate the candies based on their colors. One way you could do this is by … Read more

Synthetic Indicators-Examples, working, uses and cons

image showing key points about synthetic indicators

Written by Adeel Abbas What are Synthetic Indicators? Synthetic indicators are man-made substances that are used to determine the pH (acidity or basicity) of a solution. Definition of synthetic indicators They are often used in chemistry labs and in various industrial processes, and they can be a useful tool for identifying and measuring the acidity … Read more

Natural indicators-Examples, working and uses

image showing best natural indicators

Written by Adeel Abbas What are natural indicators? Natural indicators are substances found in nature that can be used to determine the pH (acidity or basicity) of a solution. Definition of natural indicators As the name tells that these indicators can be derived from plants, minerals, and other natural sources, and they change color in … Read more

Acid base titration-Working principle, Process, types and indicators

Learning objectives In this article, the author has explained Acid base titration, its working principle types and process of acid base titration Acid-base reactions are used to find the amount of acidic or basic substances. The solution with unknown molarity is the analyte. The analyte will react with the solution with known molarity. First lets start with … Read more

What are precautions during titration process in lab?

Titration is the process of dilution of chemicals used in a laboratory. It is also known as titration or titrimetry. The process of titration can be done by various means of liquids, gases, solids, etc. There are certain procedures that need to be taken care of while performing the titration process and these are as … Read more