In this article, the author has explained Sources of organic compounds such as coal, plants, animals, and petroleum products.
Sources of organic compounds
Plants, animals, microorganisms, coal, petroleum, and natural gas are all sources of organic compounds.
Sources of organic compounds
Table of Contents
Here are some most common sources of organic compounds:
1: Plants and animals
Plants and animals are the major sources of organic compounds. They provide us with a wide range of essential molecules, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, vitamins, hormones, and enzymes.
Here are some examples of organic compounds that can be obtained from plants and animals:
- Carbohydrates: glucose, fructose, sucrose, starch, cellulose
- Proteins: amino acids, enzymes, hormones, antibodies
- Lipids: fatty acids, triglycerides, cholesterol, phospholipids
- Nucleic acids: DNA, RNA
- Vitamins: A, B, C, D, E, K
- Hormones: testosterone, estrogen, insulin, cortisol
- Enzymes: amylase, lipase, protease
Coal is a complex mixture of organic and inorganic compounds. The organic compounds in coal are inherited from the plants that lived and died in the swamps that eventually formed coal. These plants were rich in organic compounds such as cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, and resins.
Coal is a valuable source of organic compounds for a number of reasons. First, it is a relatively abundant resource. Second, the organic compounds in coal are relatively diverse. Third, the organic compounds in coal can be converted into a wide range of useful products.
One of the most important organic compounds derived from coal is coal tar. Coal tar is a black, viscous liquid that is produced as a byproduct of the destructive distillation of coal.
Coal tar contains a wide range of organic compounds, including benzene, toluene, xylene, naphthalene, and anthracene. These compounds are used in the production of a wide variety of products, including plastics, solvents, dyes, and pharmaceuticals.
Another important organic compound derived from coal is coke. Coke is a solid residue that is produced from the destructive distillation of coal. Coke is primarily composed of carbon, but it also contains a small amount of hydrogen and other elements.
Coke is used in the production of iron and steel, as well as in a variety of other industrial processes.
In addition to coal tar and coke, a number of other organic compounds can be derived from coal, including:
- Acetic acid
3: Natural gas
Natural gas is a valuable source of organic compounds, including methane, ethane, propane, butane, and heavier hydrocarbons. These compounds can be converted into a wide range of products, including plastics, solvents, dyes, pharmaceuticals, and fertilizers.
Natural gas is also a clean-burning fuel that can help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It is therefore an increasingly important source of energy in the world today.
Here are some specific examples of organic compounds that can be obtained from natural gas:
- Methane: methanol, acetic acid, formaldehyde, ethylene, propylene
- Ethane: ethylene, propylene, benzene, toluene, xylene
- Propane: propylene, benzene, toluene, xylene
- Butane: butadiene, benzene, toluene, xylene
Petroleum is a major source of organic compounds, including saturated hydrocarbons from C-1 to C-40, as well as small amounts of nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen compounds.
Petroleum is formed from the decay and decomposition of marine animals and plants. This biological matter is buried underground and subjected to high temperatures and pressures for millions of years. This process converts the biological matter into a complex mixture of organic compounds.
Petroleum is extracted from the ground and then refined to produce a variety of products, including gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, heating oil, and petrochemicals. Petrochemicals are organic compounds that are used to produce a wide range of products, including plastics, synthetic rubber, fertilizers, and pharmaceuticals.
Here are some specific examples of organic compounds that can be obtained from petroleum:
- Hydrocarbons: methane, ethane, propane, butane, pentane, hexane, octane, decane, etc.
- Aromatic compounds: benzene, toluene, xylene, naphthalene, anthracene, etc.
- Heteroatomic compounds: nitrogen compounds, sulfur compounds, oxygen compounds
What are the sources of organic compounds?
Organic compounds are chemical compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen atoms, and they can be found in a variety of sources, including plants and animals, fossil fuels, synthetic materials, and the environment. Some common examples of organic compounds include carbohydrates, proteins, fats, plastics, pharmaceuticals, and pesticides.
Explain how petroleum is source of organic compounds?
Petroleum is a fossil fuel that is formed from the remains of plants and animals that lived millions of years ago. It is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons and other organic compounds, including alkanes, alkenes, and aromatic compounds. When petroleum is extracted from the ground and refined, it can be separated into its individual components, which can then be used to make a wide variety of products, including fuels, plastics, and chemicals.
What is the source of organic material in coal?
Coal is a fossil fuel that is formed from the remains of plants that lived millions of years ago. The organic material in coal comes from the plants that were buried and preserved over time, undergoing chemical and physical changes as they were subjected to heat, pressure, and the absence of oxygen.
How can we obtain the organic compounds from natural sources?
Organic compounds can be obtained from natural sources through extraction, fermentation, synthesis, and harvesting. For example, essential oils can be extracted from plants using solvents, ethanol can be produced through the fermentation of sugars, and fruits and vegetables can be harvested for their organic compounds.
Which type of organic compounds are present in natural gas?
Natural gas is a fossil fuel that is composed primarily of methane, which is a simple hydrocarbon with the chemical formula CH4. Methane is the primary component of natural gas, but it also contains smaller amounts of other hydrocarbons, such as ethane, propane, and butane. These hydrocarbons are classified as alkanes, which are a type of saturated hydrocarbon with a straight chain of carbon atoms. Natural gas also contains trace amounts of other organic compounds, such as water, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen.
What can be derived from the organic compounds present in petroleum and natural gas?
Petroleum and natural gas are sources of a wide variety of organic compounds that can be used to produce fuels, plastics, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. Fuels made from these compounds include gasoline, diesel, and heating oil. Plastics made from these compounds include polyethylene, polypropylene, and PVC. Chemicals made from these compounds include solvents, detergents, and fertilizers. Some pharmaceuticals made from these compounds include aspirin and penicillin.